This indicator was revised following indicator changes from the United Nations 2020 Comprehensive Review.

Proportion of Local Authority collected waste in England, by waste management type

These data partially fulfill the requirements of this indicator as the best available data with a detailed breakdown at an individual local authority level and include data for both urban and rural areas. The data reported here focus on the way waste collected by local authorities in England is managed (e.g landfill vs recycling). However, they do not capture the total waste in each local authority area as most commercial waste is not managed by local government. This information is not currently available at an individual local authority area level. We are exploring possible options to achieve this.


Choose categories from the dropdowns below to see different breakdowns of the data. Some will not be available until a higher level is chosen.

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Headline data

Source: Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

Geographical Area: England

Unit of Measurement: Percentage (%)

Footnote: 1. 'Other' includes waste treated-disposed through other unspecified treatment processes as well as process and moisture loss. Process and moisture loss may lead to negative values being reported. 2. Data reported relates only to Local Authority (LA) collected and managed waste, this means the majority of commercial waste is not included in this data.

This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from UK statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from UK statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other UK-specific metadata information.

Indicator available

Proportion of Local Authority collected waste in England, by waste management type

Indicator description

The reported data source measures the proportion of waste managed using each management type. This is disaggregated by English Region and Local Authority. This source has been identifed as an appropriate proxy for this indicator in collaboration with the topic expert.

Geographical coverage


Unit of measurement

Percentage (%)


Disposal Method’ refers to the waste management type. Landfill estimates include recycling, composting or reuse rejects. ‘Incineration with EfW’ - EfW is energy from waste. Also included are amounts rejected for recycling, composting or reuse where incineration with EfW is reported as the final destination of these rejects. Recycled-composted’ includes household and non-household sources sent for recycling or for centralised composting; home composting estimates are not included in this total. It also includes small amounts of materials sent for reuse. Material which was collected for recycling but actually rejected at collection, by the MRF or at the gate of a recycling reprocessor is excluded. The percentage of waste recycled shown above relate to all Local Authority collected waste and so are different to local authority “household” recycling rates or the slightly narrower “waste from household” definitions. The Annual Results tables provide further statistics and detail on these. ‘Other’ includes waste treated or disposed through other unspecified treatment processes as well as process and moisture loss.

Available disaggregations

Proportions were counted as the amount of waste from the selected waste disposal method in each local authority or region divided by the total amount of waste collected in that local authority or region. The percentage was then calculated by multiplying proportion by 100.

Other information

Tables are based on quarterly data entered by LAs onto WasteDataFlow. This data is published annually on a financial year basis( April to March). WasteDataFlow is a web-based system for quarterly reporting on Local Authority collected waste data by local authorities to central government.

Recycling rates are different to those reported for indicator 12.5.1 because these data relate to all local authority waste for treatment, from both household and that not from households. Local Authority Collected Waste is mostly household waste but includes some business waste –similar in nature and composition to household waste where collected by the local authority. Other non household waste such as that from from municipal parks etc and some non-municipal fractions such as construction and demolition waste may also be collected. This data does not include all waste included in the UN metadata - for example, waste from agricultural and industrial premises, schools and hospitals, and construction sites. Sewage sludge, and faecal sludge are also not included in these data. The methodology document for the data source can be found here. Tables are based on quarterly data entered by local authorities onto WasteDataFlow. WasteDataFlow is a web-based system for the reporting of collection and disposal of waste by Local Authority’s to central government. See the WasteDataFlow website home page here. This data is published annually on a financial year basis. This indicator is being used as an approximation of the UN SDG Indicator. Where possible, we will work to identify or develop UK data to meet the global indicator specification. This indicator has been identified in collaboration with topic experts.

Data last updated
Metadata last updated 08 October 2021

This table provides information on metadata for SDG indicators as defined by the UN Statistical Commission. Complete global metadata is provided by the UN Statistics Division.

Indicator name

Proportion of urban solid waste regularly collected and with adequate final discharge out of total urban solid waste generated, by cities

Target name

By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management

Global indicator description
UN designated tier

Tier II

UN custodian agency

United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat), United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD)

Link to UN metadata United Nations Sustainable Development Goals compilation of previous metadata opens in a new window

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs



Earliest available data


Geographical coverage


Link to data source ENV18 Local authority collected waste - annual results tables opens in a new window
Release date 28 November 2019
Next release


Statistical classification

Official Statistics

Contact details

Other information