Pro-poor public social spending

Proportion of government spending (cash benefits, education and the National Health Service) on the monetary poor, UK, from financial year ending 2001 to financial year ending 2020. Data provided by Effects of Taxes and Benefits - Office for National Statistics.

This indicator was added following indicator changes from the United Nations 2020 Comprehensive Review. The indicator it replaced has been archived.

Sub-categories

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Headline data

Source: Effects of Taxes and Benefits - Office for National Statistics

Geographical Area: United Kingdom

Unit of Measurement: Percentage (%)

Footnote: Data represents financial years.

This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from UK statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from UK statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other UK-specific metadata information.

Indicator available

Pro-poor public social spending

Indicator description

Proportion of government spending (cash benefits, education and the National Health Service) on the monetary poor, UK, from financial year ending 2001 to 2020.

Geographical coverage

United Kingdom

Unit of measurement

Percentage (%)

Definitions

The monetary poor are identified as individuals living in a household with an equivalised (using the modified-OECD scale) household disposable income before housing costs of less than 60% of that of the national median figure. Government spending taken into consideration is any spend on direct transfers of cash benefits, education services and the National Health Service. The proportions reported relate to the amount of government spending on the monetary poor relative to overall government spending.

Available disaggregations
Calculations

None

Other information

This survey data is known to under-report benefit income. Therefore, the figures may be different to those published elsewhere and are likely to be less than the actual proportion of government spending on the monetary poor. Furthermore, data on incomes at the very top and bottom of the distribution are less reliable, therefore, ‘monetary poor’ may sometimes include people who’s incomes are volatile and may not actually be considered to be ‘monetary poor’.

Data on education and the NHS are modelled to predict the amount households receive. For certain aspects of spending on education and the NHS, the models predict how much spending goes towards specific age groups, different genders and different regions, so the demographic information of the survey respondents is used to allocate government spending across the population.

Data follows the UN specification for this indicator. This indicator has been identified in collaboration with topic experts.

Data last updated 08 October 2021
Metadata last updated 08 October 2021

This table provides information on metadata for SDG indicators as defined by the UN Statistical Commission. Complete global metadata is provided by the UN Statistics Division.

Indicator name

Pro-poor public social spending

Target name

Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions

Global indicator description
UN designated tier

Tier II

UN custodian agency

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)

Link to UN metadata United Nations Sustainable Development Goals metadata for target 1.b opens in a new window
Organisation

Effects of Taxes and Benefits - Office for National Statistics

Periodicity

Annual

Earliest available data

1977

Geographical coverage

United Kingdom

Link to data source Proportion of government spending on the monetary poor opens in a new window
Release date 09 July 2021
Next release
Statistical classification

Official

Contact details

hie@ons.gov.uk

Other information