This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from UK statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from UK statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other UK-specific metadata information.
Pro-poor public social spending
Proportion of government spending (cash benefits, education and the National Health Service) on the monetary poor, UK, from financial year ending 2001 to 2020.
|Unit of measurement||
The monetary poor are identified as individuals living in a household with an equivalised (using the modified-OECD scale) household disposable income before housing costs of less than 60% of that of the national median figure. Government spending taken into consideration is any spend on direct transfers of cash benefits, education services and the National Health Service. The proportions reported relate to the amount of government spending on the monetary poor relative to overall government spending.
This survey data is known to under-report benefit income. Therefore, the figures may be different to those published elsewhere and are likely to be less than the actual proportion of government spending on the monetary poor. Furthermore, data on incomes at the very top and bottom of the distribution are less reliable, therefore, ‘monetary poor’ may sometimes include people who’s incomes are volatile and may not actually be considered to be ‘monetary poor’.
Data on education and the NHS are modelled to predict the amount households receive. For certain aspects of spending on education and the NHS, the models predict how much spending goes towards specific age groups, different genders and different regions, so the demographic information of the survey respondents is used to allocate government spending across the population.
Data follows the UN specification for this indicator. This indicator has been identified in collaboration with topic experts.
|Data last updated||08 October 2021|
|Metadata last updated||08 October 2021|