Percentage of people in households at risk of poverty (below 50% of median UK household income), by age and sex


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Headline data

Source: Eurostat

Geographical Area: United Kingdom

Unit of Measurement: Percentage (%)


Please note there is a break in the time series between 2016 and 2017.

The y axis does not go to 100% for ease of visualisation.

This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from UK statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from UK statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other UK-specific metadata information.

Indicator available

Percentage of people in households at risk of poverty (below 50% of median UK household income), by age and sex

Indicator description

This indicator is a measure of relative income poverty at the national level. It measures how far individuals are from the median standard of living, approximating a measure of social exclusion. Persons living in relative poverty often experience many other forms of social and economic disadvantage through unemployment, poor housing, inadequate health care and barriers in accessing education and economic, social, political and cultural activities, which can result from social stigmatisation.

Geographical coverage

United Kingdom

Unit of measurement

Percentage (%)


Income - The total disposable income of a household is calculated by adding together the personal income received by all of household members plus income received at household level. Missing income information is imputed.

Disposable household income includes - all income from work (employee wages and self-employment earnings); private income from investment and property; transfers between households; all social transfers received in cash including old-age pensions.

At risk of poverty rate is defined at cut-off point - 50% of median equivalised income.

Equivalence scale - to take into account the impact of differences in household size and composition, the total disposable household income is "equivalised". The equivalised income attributed to each member of the household is calculated by dividing the total disposable income of the household by the equivalisation factor.

Household definition - A 'private household' means "a person living alone or a group of people who live together in the same private dwelling and share expenditures, including the joint provision of the essentials of living.

Available disaggregations

Calculated figures provided by source.

Other information

For further information please see eurostat Income and living conditions This indicator is being used as an approximation of the UN SDG Indicator. Where possible, we will work to identify or develop UK data to meet the global indicator specification. This indicator has been identified in collaboration with topic experts.

Data last updated 11 February 2022
Metadata last updated 11 February 2022

This table provides information on metadata for SDG indicators as defined by the UN Statistical Commission. Complete global metadata is provided by the UN Statistics Division.

Indicator name

Proportion of people living below 50 per cent of median income, by sex, age and persons with disabilities

Target name

By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status

Global indicator description
UN designated tier

Tier II

UN custodian agency

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), World Bank (WB)

Link to UN metadata United Nations Sustainable Development Goals metadata for target 10.2 opens in a new window




Earliest available data


Geographical coverage

United Kingdom

Link to data source At-risk-of-poverty rate by poverty threshold, age and sex - EU-SILC survey opens in a new window
Release date 20 August 2020
Next release


Statistical classification


Contact details

Other information
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