Proportion of population who were personally affected by hate crime

This indicator reports on hate crime based on survey data (crime survey for England and Wales). Hate crime is also recorded by the police in England and Wales by police force area. The survey provides a better reflection of the extent of household and personal crime than police recorded statistics because the survey includes crimes that are not reported to, or recorded by, the police. The survey is also a better indicator of long-term trends because it is unaffected by changes in levels of reporting to the police or police recording practices. The Hate crime, England and Wales bulletin publishes hate crime statistics based on both police recorded crime and the crime survey for England and Wales.


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Headline data

Source: Office for National Statistics

Geographical Area: England and Wales

Unit of Measurement: Percentage (%)


Totals for hate crime might not be equal to the sum of incidents in the related equality strands as the victim may have said the crime was motivated by more than one strand.

2. Please note the y axis does not go to 100% for ease of visualisation.

This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from UK statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from UK statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other UK-specific metadata information.

Indicator available

Proportion of population who were personally affected by hate crime

Indicator description

Percentage of adults aged 16 and over who were personally affected by hate crime on one or more occasion.

Geographical coverage

England and Wales

Unit of measurement

Percentage (%)


Hate crime- ‘any criminal offence which is perceived, by the victim or any other person, to be motivated by hostility or prejudice towards someone based on a personal characteristic.’ This common definition was agreed in 2007 by the police, Crown Prosecution Service, Prison Service (now the National Offender Management Service) and other agencies that make up the criminal justice system. There are five centrally monitored strands of hate crime - race or ethnicity; religion or beliefs; sexual orientation; disability; and transgender identity.

Disability Status - The (GSS) harmonised "core" definition identifies a person as disabled if they have a physical or mental health condition or illness that has lasted or is expected to last 12 months or more. It must reduce their ability to carry-out day-to-day activities. It is important to note that a person who has a long-term illness that does not reduce their ability to carry-out day-to-day activities is not disabled under the definition. The 'long-term health condition' category therefore includes both disabled and non-disabled people under this definition. The two sub-categories of non-disabled (GSS harmonised) are 'long-term health conditin - does not limit activities' and 'no long-term health condition'. The GSS harmonised questions are asked of the respondent in the survey, meaning that disability status is self-reported. The GSS definition is designed to reflect the definitions that appear in legal terms in the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (DDA) for Northern Ireland and the 2010 Equality Act for Great Britain.

Available disaggregations
Other information

A reliable estimate for transgender-identity cannot be produced due to small numbers in the survey and are therefore not reported.

For details of the Crime Survey for England and Wales, see the user guide to crime statistics for England and Wales.

Ethnic group is based on the 2011 Census definition of ethnic group which now includes Chinese in the Asian/Asian British group. For more information see section 7.3 of the user guide.

The Washington Group on Disability Statistics are often used to provide a cross-nationally comparable population-based measures of disability. Please see the article Measuring disability - comparing approaches for a comparison between the GSS Harmonised measure (used here) and the Washington Group measure.

Data follows the UN specification for this indicator. This indicator has been identified in collaboration with topic experts.

Data last updated 08 March 2022
Metadata last updated 14 March 2022

This table provides information on metadata for SDG indicators as defined by the UN Statistical Commission. Complete global metadata is provided by the UN Statistics Division.

Indicator name

Proportion of population reporting having personally felt discriminated against or harassed in the previous 12 months on the basis of a ground of discrimination prohibited under international human rights law

Target name

Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard

Global indicator description
UN designated tier

Tier II

UN custodian agency

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

Link to UN metadata United Nations Sustainable Development Goals metadata for target 10.3 opens in a new window

Office for National Statistics



Earliest available data

2007/08 to 2008/09

Geographical coverage

England and Wales

Link to data source Hate crime, England and Wales opens in a new window
Release date 13 October 2020
Next release


Statistical classification

National Statistic

Contact details

Other information

Data acquired from the Crime Survey for England and Wales. Data is available from the “Hate crime, England and Wales, 2019 to 2020 - appendix tables” via the above link. Data up to 2017/18 is available in appendix tables 3_03, 3_05 and 3_06 and data for 2019/20 is available in appendix tables 9, 11, 12. No household income disaggregation data was collected for 2019/20.

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