Percentage of dwellings or households failing the decent homes standard


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Headline data

Source: Ministry of Housing, Communities & Local Government

Geographical Area: England

Unit of Measurement: Percentage (%)

Footnote: 1) Data that is not reported for any categories is due to small sample size resulting in unreliable estimates. The data are either for dwellings or households, which can be selected under units. The differences between dwellings and households can be seen under 'Definitions'. 2) The sample size for workless households variable excludes cases where no-one in the households is working age. 3) The sample size for the long-term illness or disability variable excludes unknown cases. 4) 'HHSRS' refers to the housing health and safety rating system.

This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from UK statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from UK statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other UK-specific metadata information.

Indicator available

Percentage of dwellings or households failing the decent homes standard

Indicator description

For a dwelling to be considered ‘decent’ under the Decent Homes Standard it must - meet the statutory minimum standard for housing as set out in the Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS), provide a reasonable degree of thermal comfort (related to insulation and heating efficiency), be in a reasonable state of repair (related to the age and condition of a range of building components including walls, roofs, windows, doors, chimneys, electrics and heating systems) and have reasonably modern facilities and services (related to the age, size and layout/location of the kitchen, bathroom and WC and any common areas for blocks of flats, and to noise insulation).

Geographical coverage


Unit of measurement

Percentage (%)


Household - One person or a group of people (not necessarily related) who have the accomodation as their only or main residence, and (for a group) share cooking facilities and share a living room or sitting room or dining area. Dwelling - A unit of accommodation which may comprise one or more household spaces (a household space is the accomodation used or available for use by an individual household). A dwelling can be classified as shared or unshared. For the full definitions of Dwellings and Households please see the English Housing Survey headline report

. <p>Disability Status - The (GSS) harmonised “core” definition identifies a person as disabled if they have a physical or mental health condition or illness that has lasted or is expected to last 12 months or more. It must reduce their ability to carry-out day-to-day activities. It is important to note that a person who has a long-term illness that does not reduce their ability to carry-out day-to-day activities is not disabled under the definition. The GSS harmonised questions are asked of the respondent in the survey, meaning that disability status is self-reported. The GSS definition is designed to reflect the definitions that appear in legal terms in the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (DDA) for Northern Ireland and the 2010 Equality Act for Great Britain.</p>

Available disaggregations
Other information

Dwellings failing the minimum standard are those posing a Category 1 hazard under the Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS). From 2008 the survey is able to estimate the presence of 26 of the 29 HHSRS hazards. However to maintain consistency and avoid a break in the time series from 2006, Decent Homes estimates continue to be based on 15 hazards for the 'minimum standard' criterion. Estimates for the HHSRS tables (DA4101-3) are based on the 26 hazards covered by the survey. For more information see A Decent Home -Definition and guidance for implementation.

The Washington Group on Disability Statistics are often used to provide a cross-nationally comparable population-based measures of disability. Please see the article Measuring disability - comparing approaches for a comparison between the GSS Harmonised measure (used here) and the Washington Group measure.

This indicator is being used as an approximation of the UN SDG Indicator. Where possible, we will work to identify or develop UK data to meet the global indicator specification. This indicator has been identified in collaboration with topic experts.

Data last updated 23 September 2021
Metadata last updated 23 September 2021

This table provides information on metadata for SDG indicators as defined by the UN Statistical Commission. Complete global metadata is provided by the UN Statistics Division.

Indicator name

Proportion of urban population living in slums, informal settlements or inadequate housing

Target name

By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums

Global indicator description
UN designated tier

Tier I

UN custodian agency

United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat)

Link to UN metadata United Nations Sustainable Development Goals metadata for target 11.1 opens in a new window

Ministry of Housing, Communities & Local Government



Earliest available data


Geographical coverage


Link to data source Dwelling condition and safety - DA3202 - Decent Homes - areas opens in a new window
Release date 17 July 2019
Next release


Statistical classification

National Statistic

Contact details

Other information

Data Source - English Housing Survey, based on tables DA3202 and DA3203