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Headline data

Source: Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS)

Geographical Area: United Kingdom

Unit of Measurement: Million tonnes carbon dioxide equivalent (MtCO2e)

Footnote: Gases are weighted by their global warming potential (GWP), so that total greenhouse gas emissions can be reported on a consistent basis (in carbon dioxide equivalent units). The GWP for each gas is defined as its warming influence relative to that of carbon dioxide. The GWPs used are from Working Group 1 of the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report - Climate Change 2007.

This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from UK statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from UK statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other UK-specific metadata information.

Indicator available
Indicator description

Total greenhouse gas emissions that occur within the UK’s borders.

Geographical coverage

United Kingdom

Unit of measurement

Million tonnes carbon dioxide equivalent (MtCO2e)

Definitions

Carbon dioxide equivalent units - In accordance with international reporting and carbon trading protocols, each of these gases are weighted by their global warming potential (GWP), so that total greenhouse gas emissions can be reported on a consistent basis (in carbon dioxide equivalent units). The GWP (Global Warming Potential) of a greenhouse gas measures its effectiveness in global warming over 100 years relative to carbon dioxide. The GWPs used are from Working Group 1 of the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report - Climate Change 2007.

Net CO2 emissions - Total carbon dioxide emissions minus carbon dioxide removals.

Available disaggregations

Further breakdowns, including fuel type, source sector, and end-user sector are available in the UK greenhouse gas emissions final figures source data.

Calculations
Other information

Figures shown here do not include data for the Crown Dependencies and Overseas Territories, however, those data are available in the UK greenhouse gas emissions final figures. See the UK greenhouse gas emissions background quality report for information on quality and methodology.

The figures presented here do not include estimates of emissions outside the UK associated with UK consumption, however the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) publishes estimates of the UK’s carbon footprint annually. Emissions as measured by the UK Environmental Accounts, published by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) measure greenhouse gas emissions on what is referred to as a “residents” basis. This means that the figures represent emissions caused by UK residents and industry whether in the UK or abroad, but exclude emissions within the UK that can be attributed to overseas residents and businesses. The Final UK greenhouse gas emissions national statistics - 1990 to 2019 statistical release includes an outline of the differences between the three approaches.

Uncertainty levels for the UK estimates shown here can be found in table 4.1 of the UK greenhouse gas emissions final figures.

Data follows the UN specification for this indicator. This indicator has been identified in collaboration with topic experts.

Data last updated 2021-05-17: see changes on GitHub opens in a new window
Metadata last updated 2021-05-17: see changes on GitHub opens in a new window

This table provides information on metadata for SDG indicators as defined by the UN Statistical Commission. Complete global metadata is provided by the UN Statistics Division.

Indicator name

Total greenhouse gas emissions per year

Target name

Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning

Global indicator description
UN designated tier

Tier I

UN custodian agency

UN Climate Change (UNFCCC Secretariat)

Link to UN metadata United Nations Sustainable Development Goals metadata for target 13.2 opens in a new window
Organisation

Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS)

Periodicity

Annual

Earliest available data

1990

Geographical coverage

United Kingdom

Link to data source 2019 UK greenhouse gas emissions final figures opens in a new window
Release date

02/02/2021

Next release

TBC

Statistical classification

National Statistic

Contact details

Climatechange.Statistics@beis.gov.uk

Other information

Emissions by gas data are in table 1.1 of the data tables