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Headline data

Source: Food & Agriculture Organisation (FAO)

Geographical Area: United Kingdom

Unit of Measurement: Square Km, Index

Footnote: FAO estimate.

This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from UK statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from UK statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other UK-specific metadata information.

Indicator available
Indicator description

The Mountain Green Cover Index (MGCI) is designed to measure the extent and the changes of green vegetation in mountain areas - i.e. forest, shrubs, trees, pasture land, cropland, etc. – in order to monitor progress towards the mountain target. MGCI is defined as the percentage of green cover over the total surface of the mountain region of a given country and for given reporting year. The aim of the index is to monitor the evolution of the green cover and thus assess the status of conservation of mountain ecosystems.

Geographical coverage

United Kingdom

Unit of measurement

Square Km, Index


Mountain elevation 5 - An elevation of 1,000 to 1,500 meters and a slope greater than 5, or a local elevation range above the surrounding area of at least 300 meters for a 7 kilometer radius.

Mountain elevation 6 - An elevation of 300 to 1,000 meters and a local elevation range above the surrounding area of at least 300 meters for a 7 kilometer radius.

Available disaggregations
Other information

Please see the Global metadata for more information, including calculations and limitations of the data. Data follows the UN specification for this indicator. This indicator has not been identified in collaboration with topic experts.

Data last updated 03 December 2021
Metadata last updated 03 December 2021

This table provides information on metadata for SDG indicators as defined by the UN Statistical Commission. Complete global metadata is provided by the UN Statistics Division.

Indicator name

Mountain Green Cover Index

Target name

By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development

Global indicator description
UN designated tier

Tier I

UN custodian agency

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

Link to UN metadata United Nations Sustainable Development Goals metadata for target 15.4 opens in a new window

Food & Agriculture Organisation (FAO)



Earliest available data


Geographical coverage

United Kingdom

Link to data source SDG Indicator 15.4.2 - Mountain Green Cover opens in a new window
Release date 21 May 2021
Next release


Statistical classification

Official international

Contact details

Other information