Sub-indicator a

The United Kingdom (UK) reported progress against the Aichi biodiversity targets in its sixth National Report to the Convention on Biological Diversity in March 2019.

The UK is on track to achieve Aichi Target 2 as action is in place across various plans and policies.

The UK has incorporated biodiversity values into a range of planning, accounting and reporting systems including national natural capital asset and ecosystem service accounts, infrastructure development plans, and planning policies at national and local level on land and at sea.

The countries of the UK have also established a range of country-based initiatives to support the achievement of Aichi Target 2. In England, the National Planning Policy Framework was amended to strengthen the protection for irreplaceable habitats and to make clear developments should provide biodiversity net gain. In Scotland, a natural capital asset index has been published annually since 2011, measuring the quality and quantity of habitats according to their potential to deliver ecosystem services now and into the future. Wales has introduced the Well-being of Future Generations Act 2015 which brings biodiversity into the central decision-making process for public sector bodies in Wales.

Sub-indicator b

The UK implements the System of Environmental Economic Accounting (SEEA) in the Environmental Accounts and Natural Capital Accounts published by the Office for National Statistics. The Environmental Accounts show how the environment contributes to the economy (for example, through the extraction of raw materials), the impacts that the economy has on the environment (for example, energy consumption and air emissions), and how society responds to environmental issues (for example, through taxation and expenditure on environmental protection). UK Natural Capital comprises all the ecosystem services that UK natural assets provide; natural assets include soil, air, water and all living things. The Natural Capital Accounts include both monetary estimates of ecosystem and other service flows, and habitat accounts. The habitat accounts provide estimates of the extent, condition and asset values of different ecosystem types.

This indicator was revised following indicator changes from the United Nations 2020 Comprehensive Review. The indicator from before these revisions has been archived.

This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from UK statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from UK statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other UK-specific metadata information.

Indicator available
Indicator description
Geographical coverage
Unit of measurement
Available disaggregations
Other information

Data follows the UN specification for this indicator. This indicator has not been identified in collaboration with topic experts.

Data last updated
Metadata last updated 03 December 2021

This table provides information on metadata for SDG indicators as defined by the UN Statistical Commission. Complete global metadata is provided by the UN Statistics Division.

Indicator name

(a) Number of countries that have established national targets in accordance with or similar to Aichi Biodiversity Target 2 of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 in their national biodiversity strategy and action plans and the progress reported towards these targets; and (b) integration of biodiversity into national accounting and reporting systems, defined as implementation of the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting

Target name

By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts

Global indicator description
UN designated tier

Tier I (a)/Tier II (b)

UN custodian agency

United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) and UNEP-WCMC

Link to UN metadata United Nations Sustainable Development Goals metadata for target 15.9 opens in a new window