This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from UK statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from UK statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other UK-specific metadata information.
Rate of offences currently recorded as homicide per 100,000 population
England and Wales
|Unit of measurement||
Rate per 100,000 population
Homicide is defined as a collective term referring to the offences of murder, manslaughter and infanticide.
Murder and manslaughter are common law offences that have never been defined by statute, although they have been modified by statute.
The manslaughter category includes the offence of corporate manslaughter which was created by the Corporate Manslaughter and Corporate Homicide Act 2007 which came into force on 6 April 2008.
The offence of infanticide was created by the Infanticide Act 1922 and refined by the Infanticide Act 1938. Infanticide is defined as the killing of a baby aged under one year by their mother while the balance of her mind was disturbed as a result of giving birth.
Rate per 100,000 = (Rate per 1,000,000 population/10)
Homicide figures have been compiled from the Homicide Index recorded by the Home Office, which contains detailed record-level information about each homicide recorded by police in England and Wales. The Homicide Index data are based on the year when the offence was recorded as a crime, not when the offence took place or when the case was heard in court. While in the vast majority of cases the offence will be recorded in the same year as it took place, this is not always the case. Caution is therefore needed when looking at longer-term homicide trends.
The Homicide Index is continually updated with revised information from the police as investigations continue and as cases are heard by the courts. For further information, see the user guide for the Homicide Index.
Home Office statisticians and Police Forces have undertaken a review of all historical homicide data to update court outcomes and suspect data, this means totals shown in this table will not match previously published figures. Therefore, previous time series by region and police force area are not available.
These figures are revised from the earliest period and therefore only a 10 year period is available during each update.
As at 6 December 2022; figures are subject to revision as cases are dealt with by the police and by the courts, or as further information becomes available.
Home Office statisticians and police forces have undertaken a review of homicide data for year ending March 2019 and year ending March 2020 to update suspect data and cancelled crimes. Totals shown in this table will not match previously published figures.
Totals may not sum as numbers include some victims with unknown age or sex.
This indicator is being used as an approximation of the UN SDG Indicator. Where possible, we will work to identify or develop UK data to meet the global indicator specification. This indicator has been identified in collaboration with topic experts.
|Data last updated||28 April 2023|
|Metadata last updated||13 July 2023|