Total factor and labour productivity of the UK agriculture industry

Partial productivity shows the impact key inputs have on productivity. It measures total outputs against a part of the inputs. The chart below clearly shows that labour has to date been the key input in driving productivity gains. Productivity by labour shows a steady increase over the whole period. Labour volumes are now approximately half of what they were in 1973. However over the last few years growth in labour productivity is due to increased output rather than a reduction in labour volume.


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Headline data

Source: Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (Defra)

Geographical Area: United Kingdom

Unit of Measurement: Index

This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from UK statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from UK statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other UK-specific metadata information.

Indicator available

Total factor and labour productivity of the UK agriculture industry

Indicator description

Total factor productivity is a key measure of the economic performance of agriculture and an important driver of farm incomes. It represents how efficiently the agricultural industry uses the resources that are available to turn inputs into outputs.

Geographical coverage

United Kingdom

Unit of measurement



All outputs - The volume of all outputs sold off the farm. This excludes transactions within the industry. All inputs - The volume of goods and services purchased and consumed. This excludes transactions within the industry. Total factor productivity - How efficiently all inputs are turned into outputs. Derived by dividing all outputs by all inputs. Partial productivity - How efficiently intermediate consumption, capital, labour or land is transformed into outputs. Derived by dividing all outputs by each factor.

Available disaggregations
Other information

Outputs and inputs are adjusted for quality by weighting the volumes by price. This indicator is being used as an approximation of the UN SDG Indicator. Where possible, we will work to identify or develop UK data to meet the global indicator specification. This indicator has been identified in collaboration with topic experts.

Data last updated 08 October 2021
Metadata last updated 08 October 2021

This table provides information on metadata for SDG indicators as defined by the UN Statistical Commission. Complete global metadata is provided by the UN Statistics Division.

Indicator name

Volume of production per labour unit by classes of farming/pastoral/forestry enterprise size

Target name

By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment

Global indicator description
UN designated tier

Tier II

UN custodian agency

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

Link to UN metadata United Nations Sustainable Development Goals metadata for target 2.3 opens in a new window

Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (Defra)



Earliest available data


Geographical coverage

United Kingdom

Link to data source
Release date 10 May 2019
Next release


Statistical classification

National Statistics

Contact details

Other information