Average (mean) hourly earnings of female and male employees, by occupation, working pattern, age, country and persons with disabilities

Sub-categories

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Headline data

Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS)

Geographical Area: United Kingdom

Unit of Measurement: GBP (£)

Footnote: The ASHE data are collected in April, while APS data are collected across the whole year.

This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from UK statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from UK statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other UK-specific metadata information.

Indicator available

Average (mean) hourly earnings of female and male employees, by occupation, working pattern, age, country and persons with disabilities

Indicator description
Geographical coverage

United Kingdom

Unit of measurement

GBP (£)

Definitions

Earnings - gross remuneration in cash or in kind paid to employees, as a rule at regular intervals, for time worked or work done together with remuneration for time not worked, such as annual vacation, other type of paid leave or holidays. Earnings exclude employers’ contributions in respect of their employees paid to social security and pension schemes and also the benefits received by employees under these schemes. Earnings also exclude severance and termination pay. For international comparability purposes, statistics of earnings used relate to employees’ gross remuneration, i.e. the total before any deductions are made by the employer in respect of taxes, contributions of employees to social security and pension schemes, life insurance premiums, union dues and other obligations of employees. As stated in the indicator title, data on earnings should be presented on the basis of the arithmetic average of the hourly earnings of all employees.

Disability Status - The (GSS) harmonised "core" definition identifies a person as disabled if they have a physical or mental health condition or illness that has lasted or is expected to last 12 months or more. It must reduce their ability to carry-out day-to-day activities. It is important to note that a person who has a long-term illness that does not reduce/limit their ability to carry-out day-to-day activities is not disabled under the definition. The GSS harmonised questions are asked of the respondent in the survey, meaning that disability status is self-reported. The GSS definition is designed to reflect the definitions that appear in legal terms in the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (DDA) for Northern Ireland and the 2010 Equality Act for Great Britain.

Available disaggregations

Headlines figures are provided by ASHE.

While sex by disability status data are presented for ASHE, sex-only data are only presented for the APS.

Further disaggregation by ethnicity are available from Ethnicity facts and figures. Note that the data on the SDG page uses the mean, while the Ethnicity facts and figures use the median.

Calculations
Other information

It is very important to observe that the ASHE and APS earnings are not directly comparable, and that APS data is used to disaggregate by disability only because ASHE cannot be disaggregated by disability. The APS data is based on the working population and covers age ranges 16 to 64. The ASHE data are collected in April, while APS data are collected across the whole year.

The Washington Group on Disability Statistics are often used to provide a cross-nationally comparable population-based measures of disability. Please see the article Measuring disability - comparing approaches for a comparison between the GSS Harmonised measure (used here) and the Washington Group measure.

Data follows the UN specification for this indicator. This indicator has been identified in collaboration with topic experts.

Data last updated 03 December 2021
Metadata last updated 03 December 2021

This table provides information on metadata for SDG indicators as defined by the UN Statistical Commission. Complete global metadata is provided by the UN Statistics Division.

Indicator name

Average hourly earnings of employees, by sex, age, occupation and persons with disabilities

Target name

By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value

Global indicator description
UN designated tier

Tier II

UN custodian agency

International Labour Organization (ILO)

Link to UN metadata United Nations Sustainable Development Goals metadata for target 8.5 opens in a new window

Source 1

Organisation

Office for National Statistics (ONS)

Periodicity

Annual

Earliest available data

2004

Geographical coverage

United Kingdom

Link to data source Earnings and hours worked, age group by occupation by two-digit SOC - ASHE Table 20 opens in a new window
Release date 29 October 2019
Next release

TBC

Statistical classification

National Statistic

Contact details

earnings@ons.gov.uk

Other information

Some figures excluded for accuracy or disclosure reasons - see source data. It is very important to note that APS and ASHE data are not directly comparable.

Source 2

Organisation

Office for National Statistics (ONS)

Periodicity

Annual

Earliest available data

2014

Geographical coverage

United Kingdom

Link to data source Raw pay gaps by disability opens in a new window
Release date 02 December 2019
Next release

TBA

Statistical classification

Official statistic

Contact details

policy.evidence.analysis@ons.gov.uk

Other information

It is very important to note that APS and ASHE data are not directly comparable. APS data covers working population in the age range 16 to 64.

Source 3

Organisation

Office for National Statistics

Periodicity

Annual

Earliest available data

1997

Geographical coverage

United Kingdom

Link to data source NOMIS ASHE workpace analysis opens in a new window
Release date 29 October 2019
Next release

TBA

Statistical classification

National Statistic

Contact details

earnings@ons.gov.uk

Other information

Some figures excluded for accuracy or disclosure reasons - see source data. It is very important to note that APS and ASHE data are not directly comparable.