Some of the data in this indicator are seasonally adjusted data. The purpose of seasonal adjustment is to remove systematic calendar-related variation associated with the time of the year, that is, seasonal effects. This allows comparisons between consecutive time periods. Not all data is seasonally adjusted - disability and country of birth are not, and non-seasonally adjusted headline figures of unemployed people aged 16 and over are included as well as non-seasonally adjusted disaggregated data for age and sex. Seasonally adjusted figures are the headline figures, non-seasonally adjusted are for reference when using the disaggregations which have not been seasonally adjusted.


Choose categories from the dropdowns below to see different breakdowns of the data. Some will not be available until a higher level is chosen.

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Headline data

Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS)

Geographical Area: United Kingdom

Unit of Measurement: Percentage (%) of economically active

Footnote: Labour Force Survey responses have been (LFS) reweighted to new populations derived using growth rates from HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) Real Time Information (RTI), to allow for different trends during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. the reweighting will give improved estimates of both rates and levels for estimates from Q1 2020 onwards. However, during the implementation of this weighting methodology a small error was encountered resulting in a slight overestimation of the non-UK population by approximately 0.5%. This represents less than half the size of the sampling variability. The impact on LFS economic activity estimates at national level is mostly below 0.1% and the impact on rates is less than 0.02 percentage points.

This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from UK statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from UK statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other UK-specific metadata information.

This table provides information on metadata for SDG indicators as defined by the UN Statistical Commission. Complete global metadata is provided by the UN Statistics Division.

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