This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from UK statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from UK statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other UK-specific metadata information.
Tourism direct GDP as a proportion of total GDP and in growth rate
Tourism direct GDP in the UK as a percentage of GDP (CVM) and in growth rate
|Unit of measurement||
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the main measure of the size of the economy, representing the total value of all final goods and services produced in a defined time period. The ONS has published What is GDP? and GDP and me to explain what GDP is and how it relates to everyday life.
Tourism Direct Gross Domestic Product (TDGDP) = tourism ratio * (output of domestic producers – internal tourism consumption + taxes less subsidies)
TDGDP as % GDP = (TDGDP / GDP CVM [£m]) * 100 OR In growth rate (%) = ((TDGDP in year[x] - TDGDP in year [x-1]) / TDGDP[x-1]) * 100
Data for this indicator are produced using figures from the ONS UK Tourism Satellite Accounts (UK-TSA), and ONS GDP statistics.
2020 saw major disruption to tourism, due to lockdowns and restrictions on international travel following the outbreak of Coronavirus (COVID-19), and these restrictions also impacted the availability of source data used to produce the UK-TSA. Of particular note were
- the pausing of the Great Britain Tourism Survey (GBTS) in periods of 2020. This, in combination with a merging of the GBTS with Great Britain Day Visits Survey (GBDVS), has resulted in Visit Britain not publishing domestic tourism statistics from these sources for the period January 2020 to March 2021.
- the pausing of the International Passenger Survey (IPS) from 16 March 2020, meaning that no IPS data on spending on international visits between the UK and the rest of the world were available for quarters 2 to 4 2020. The IPS data are a major input to the UK-TSA.
- no data from the Northern Ireland Continuous Household Survey were available for 2020.
These interferences created substantial challenges to production of the UK-TSA for 2020, most notably a need to use alternative data sources. This has resulted in
- a reduction in the direct-relevance of data inputs, meaning that the estimates in the UK-TSA 2020 are subject to more uncertainty than usual, impacting all data tables in the UK-TSA output.
- a discontinuity in UK-TSA estimates, due to having to utilise alternative data sources and new modelling techniques. This particularly impacts Table 2 of the UK-TSA source data, the values of which are also utilised in Tables 4 and 6. Table 6 is used for the calculation of figures for this indicator.
More detail on the methodology changes required for 2020 can be found in the notes page of the Source 1 download and the 2020 UK-TSA methodolgy article.
Data follows the UN specification for this indicator. This indicator has been identified in collaboration with topic experts.
|Data last updated||24 May 2023|
|Metadata last updated||06 June 2023|