Choose categories from the dropdowns below to see different breakdowns of the data. Some will not be available until a higher level is chosen.

Download Headline CSV Download Source CSV

Headline data

Source: Office for National Statistics, Ricardo Energy and Environment

Geographical Area: United Kingdom

Unit of Measurement: Terajoules per million pounds (TJ/£ million)

Footnote: Energy intensity is calculated by dividing reallocated energy consumption by Gross Value Added (GVA) in constant prices. This is the difference between output and intermediate consumption for any given industry. This means the difference between the value of goods and services produced (output) and the cost of raw materials and other inputs which are used up in production (intermediate consumption). Data are in constant prices with 2016 defined as the base year.

This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from UK statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from UK statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other UK-specific metadata information.

Indicator available
Indicator description

Energy intensity is an indication of how much energy is used to produce one unit of economic output, based on Gross Value Added (GVA) in constant prices.

Geographical coverage

United Kingdom

Unit of measurement

Terajoules per million pounds (TJ/£ million)


Energy intensity is defined as the energy supplied to the economy per unit value of economic output.

Available disaggregations

No calculations were performed in the data acquisition of this indicator as appropriate data was readily available in the final format specified by this indicator.

Other information

Data is based on a UK resident basis. Estimates compiled on a residency basis include data relating to United Kingdom residents and United Kingdom-registered businesses, regardless of whether they are in the United Kingdom or overseas. Data relating to foreign visitors and foreign businesses in the United Kingdom are excluded. Data follows the UN specification for this indicator. This indicator has been identified in collaboration with topic experts.

Data last updated 21 March 2022
Metadata last updated 21 March 2022

This table provides information on metadata for SDG indicators as defined by the UN Statistical Commission. Complete global metadata is provided by the UN Statistics Division.

Indicator name

Energy intensity measured in terms of primary energy and GDP

Target name

By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency

Global indicator description
UN designated tier

Tier I

UN custodian agency

International Energy Agency (IEA) and United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD).

Link to UN metadata United Nations Sustainable Development Goals metadata for target 7.3 opens in a new window

Office for National Statistics, Ricardo Energy and Environment



Earliest available data


Geographical coverage

United Kingdom

Link to data source Reallocated Energy Consumption and Energy Intensity opens in a new window
Release date 03 June 2021
Next release

See source link

Statistical classification

National Statistic

Contact details

Other information