Goal 7 calls for:

  • ensuring universal access to modern energy services
  • improving energy efficiency
  • increasing the share of renewable energy

To accelerate the transition to an affordable, reliable and sustainable energy system that fulfils these demands countries need to:

  • facilitate access to clean energy research and technology
  • promote investment in resource and energy-efficient solutions and related infrastructure

Targets and indicators


Target 7.1

By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services

Indicator 7.1.1


Target 7.2

By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix

Indicator 7.2.1


Target 7.3

By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency

Indicator 7.3.1


Target 7.a

By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology

Target 7.b

By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programmes of support

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